Longtime Winn Parish Enterprise Editor Bob Holeman handed out the following 19-question quiz on the history of early newspapers in Winn Parish at the Rotary Club of Winnfield Meeting last week.
See how you do! Post your score in the comments.
We will post the answers to the quiz next Monday. 5 points for each correct answer
How’s Your Winn Parish Newspaper Knowledge?
- In 1852 the Louisiana Legislature created Winn Parish from portions of Natchitoches, Catahoula, and Rapides parishes. (We’d later lose significant acreage when Grant Parish was carved out of Winn and Rapides parishes in 1869). In what year did the first local newspaper come on the Winn scene? (5 points for the year, subtract 1 for each year off. No negative scores)
- Name that paper and its town of publication. (5 points for the town. 5 points for publication)
- Winn became a two-paper parish later that same year. That paper ran intermittently through its early years, through the Civil War and through various owners until 1906. What was it?
- The building housing that second newspaper burned down in 1901 and had to print in Mississippi for a time. Its competitor jabbed, “from a look at your paper with three pages of printed matter and one page as blank as an idiot’s face, you had better have your paper printed in Vicksburg.” Can you name the competitor?
- The Winn Parish Democrat was founded in 1887 with O.M. Bevill as part owner. In 1890, Hardy L. Brian purchased the paper with the purpose of shifting the political slant to the hot Populist cause. He changed the name but unfortunately could not get delivery of type large enough to print the new masthead in time for his first edition. So he scrambled with the existing letters found in the name “Democrat” to come up with a suitable name. What was it?
- Another town (apart from Winnfield) had a newspaper. What was it called? (5 points for town, 5 points for publication)
- Several other papers were published in those early years, including the Excelsior and the Guardian. Do you suppose these came out (a) daily (b) weekly (c) monthly or (d) annually?
- Around 1920, the competitive, renamed paper was renamed again (due to the stigma of Communists using that same name) and it became The Winnfield Times to be sold to H. Clay Riser. Shortly after, the paper was destroyed by fire. Riser sold the Times to N.C. Dalton in 1921. Under the new ownership, the paper was said to be a “fiery rag dedicated to the thoughts of such organizations as the KKK.” The new owner renamed the renamed renamed paper to something resembling a Beatles’ tune. What was that name?
- That paper was bought by Miss Estelle Tannehill in 1924 who (surprise!) renamed the oft-renamed paper as the Winnfield News-American. After 22 years of reliable news coverage, she sold the News-American in 1946 to her brother Jack and another partner. Who was he?
- Also in 1924, a group of 30 businessmen gathered finances to operate the Winn Parish Enterprise with Clay Riser and his wife conducting the new paper. The office was in the corner of the old Winnfield Hotel on Main Street. When Riser died in 1937, his wife and two daughters continued operation of the Enterprise. Name the daughters. (5 points each)
- Huey P. Long established a paper in 1930 to espouse his Populist views including his Share the Wealth program. After his death in 1935, the name was tweaked and it ran until 1940, first under the ownership of Richard Leche then by Earl K. Long. Name those papers. (5 points each)
- One of the Riser daughters remained single and a driving force behind the Enterprise. The other married an “out-of-state” man who became managing editor of the paper. Who was he?
- A niece of the Riser family, Ann Love (once a Kilgore Rangerette), married Chester Derr, a Houston-born WWII pilot who logged 2,000 hours of flight time. Chester sold advertising for the Enterprise. Later on, the Derrs started up their own business. What was it?
- In 1952, the Risers purchased the News-American and merged the two papers. In 1953 the entire operation was sold to Oklahoma publisher Harry Kates. Then 18 months later, not happy with the paper’s direction and knowing the elder Riser sister, can you speculate what happened?
- In 1978 the Enterprise was bought by another paper in the first of a series of acquisitions that would grow into a newspaper group mostly in northwest Louisiana. What is that paper?
- Who were the first two Journalism School-trained publishers of the Enterprise under this new ownership? (5 points each)
- The Enterprise, now located at 500 East Main Street, celebrated its 75th anniversary at an earlier site. The relocation was required due to the city’s 5-lane expansion. Where was it?
- The Enterprise at its current Main Street locale occupies the former footprint of one of Winnfield’s prominent businesses. Can you say what that was?
- While newspapers today are put together via computer, the actual production is still a physical operation. Offset printing presses use thin aluminum plates with a photochemical process but in the past, the process was called “Hot Type.” The process used molten lead to form raised letters (like your old rubber handstamps). One machine used in this process, like a giant typewriter, if you will, dropped down reverse brass slugs as you typed to create column galleys over which lead was poured to create metal plates then mounted to the press cylinders. This machine, a historic relic today, is called (a) daguerreotype (b) linotype (c) stereotype (d) ferrotype
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